What the root causes aren\'t

Greg Mankiw points to a paper by Alan B. Krueger and Jitka Maleckova, "Education, Poverty and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?", which finds:

Perhaps surprisingly, our review of the evidence provides little
reason for optimism that a reduction in poverty or an increase in educational
attainment would meaningfully reduce international terrorism. Any connection
between poverty, education and terrorism is indirect, complicated and probably
quite weak. Instead of viewing terrorism as a direct response to low market opportunities or ignorance, we suggest it is more accurately viewed as a response to
political conditions and long-standing feelings of indignity and frustration that
have little to do with economics.

I would add to this the puzzling lack of Filipino, Haitian, Chilean, Mexican, or Sub-Saharan African terror groups (among many, many other candidate nations/ethnicities), since these countries also were subjected to large scale and long-standing US intervention, political humiliation, indignities, and frustration; perhaps there's something else in common?

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